Population Health

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Assessing associations between indoor environment and health symptoms in Romanian school children: an analysis of data from the SINPHONIE project

By |March 6th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Environmental Science and Pollution Research Palumbo, Jillian R., Shao Lin*, Ziqiang Lin, Iulia A. Neamtiu, Wangjian Zhang, Eva Csobod, and Eugen S. Gurzau Abstract School environment may have an impact on children’s health, but few studies have focused on indoor comfort factors such as temperature, humidity, and noise in relation with potential effects on children’s [...]

Parental Health Status and Infant Outcomes: Upstate KIDS Study

By |March 6th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Fertility and Sterility Louis, Germaine M. Buck, Erin Bell*, Yunlong Xie, Rajeshwari Sundaram, and Edwina Yeung. Abstract Objective To assess parental health status inclusive of infertility and infant outcomes. Design Birth cohort with cross-sectional analysis of parental health status and infant outcomes. Setting Not applicable. Patient(s) Parents (n = 4,886) and infants (n = 5,845) [...]

Clinical Features of Extrapulmonary Sarcoidosis without Lung Involvement

By |March 6th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Chest James, W. Ennis, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Biplab Saha, Alireza Nathani, Leahruth Saavedra, Recai M. Yucel*, and Marc A. Judson. Abstract Background Compared to pulmonary sarcoidosis, sarcoidosis without lung involvement may involve other immunopathologic mechanisms and be associated with other demographic and clinical features. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of clinical data collected in real [...]

Air Pollution and Otitis Media in Children: A Systematic Review of Literature

By |February 6th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Bowatte, Gayan, Rachel Tham, Jennifer L. Perret, Michael S. Bloom*, Guanghui Dong, Nilakshi Waidyatillake, Dinh Bui, Geoffrey G. Morgan, Bin Jalaludin, Caroline J. Lodge, and Shyamali C. Dharmage Abstract Young children are particularly vulnerable to otitis media (OM) which globally affects over 80% of children below the [...]

What Predicts Exercise Maintenance and Well-Being? Examining The Influence of Health-Related Psychographic Factors and Social Media Communication

By |February 6th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Health Communication Zhou, Xin, and Archana Krishnan* Abstract Habitual exercising is an important precursor to both physical and psychological well-being. There is, thus, a strong interest in identifying key factors that can best motivate individuals to sustain regular exercise regimen. In addition to the importance of psychographic factors, social media use may act as external [...]

Agent-Based Modeling in Public Health: Current Applications and Future Directions

By |February 6th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Annual Review of Public Health Tracy, Melissa*, Magdalena Cerdá, and Katherine M. Keyes Abstract Agent-based modeling is a computational approach in which agents with a specified set of characteristics interact with each other and with their environment according to predefined rules. We review key areas in public health where agent-based modeling has been adopted, including [...]

Modeling Unobserved Heterogeneity in Susceptibility to Ambient Benzo[a]Pyrene Concentration among Children with Allergic Asthma Using an Unsupervised Learning Algorithm

By |February 6th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Fernández, Daniel, Radim J. Sram, Miroslav Dostal, Anna Pastorkova, Hans Gmuender, and Hyunok Choi* Abstract Current studies of gene × air pollution interaction typically seek to identify unknown heritability of common complex illnesses arising from variability in the host's susceptibility to environmental pollutants of interest. Accordingly, a [...]

Spatial, Temporal, and Dietary Variables Associated with Elevated Mercury Exposure in Peruvian Riverine Communities Upstream and Downstream of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining

By |January 24th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Wyatt, Lauren, Ernesto Ortiz, Beth Feingold*, Axel Berky, Sarah Diringer, Ana Morales, Elvis Jurado, Heileen Hsu-Kim, and William Pan Abstract Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is a primary contributor to global mercury and its rapid expansion raises concern for human exposure. Non-occupational exposure risks are presumed [...]

Who Lives Alone During Old Age? Trends in the Social and Functional Disadvantages of Sweden’s Solitary Living Older Adults

By |January 24th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Research on Aging Shaw, Benjamin A.*, Stefan Fors, Johan Fritzell, Carin Lennartsoon, and Neda Agahi Abstract This study identifies specific social and functional disadvantages associated with living alone during old age in Sweden and assesses whether these associations have changed during recent decades. Data came from repeated cross-sectional surveys of Swedish adults aged 77+ during [...]

Ethical concerns regarding animal use mediate the relationship between variety of pets owned in childhood and vegetarianism in adulthood

By |January 22nd, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Appetite Heiss, Sydney, and Julia M. Hormes* Abstract Plant-based and vegetarian diets have been shown to have diverse health and environmental benefits and also serve to reduce farmed animal exploitation. It is therefore worthwhile to gain a better understanding of the factors that play a role in the decision to refrain from animal products. Past [...]