Yearly Archives: 2017

/2017

Understanding Guilty Pleas through the Lens of Social Science

By |December 6th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Psychology, Public Policy, and Law Redlich, Allison D., Miko M. Wilford, and Shawn Bushway*. Abstract The adjudication of crime by guilty plea has been on the rise globally for at least the last 30 years. Few countries, however, have accepted pleas to the degree of the United States, whose highest court recently acknowledged a criminal [...]

Replication in Criminology and the Social Sciences

By |December 6th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Annual Review of Criminology Pridemore, William Alex*, Matthew C. Makel, and Jonathan A. Plucker Abstract Replication is a hallmark of science. In recent years, some medical sciences and behavioral sciences struggled with what came to be known as replication crises. As a field, criminology has yet to address formally the threats to our evidence base [...]

RACE, CRIMINAL INJUSTICE FRAMES, AND THE LEGITIMATION OF CARCERAL INEQUALITY AS A SOCIAL PROBLEM

By |December 6th, 2017|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race Pickett, Justin T.*, and Stephanie Bontrager Ryon. Abstract Michelle Alexander argues that carceral inequality and mass incarceration together have created a “new racial caste system” in America (2010, p. 11). She contends that only a race-conscious social movement that engages both legal actors and the public can [...]

Police research, officer surveys, and response rates

By |December 6th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Policing and Society Nix, Justin, Justin T. Pickett*, Hyunin Baek, and Geoffrey P. Alpert. Abstract In recent years, policing scholars have increasingly used survey methods to gain insight into officers’ attitudes and behaviours. Yet, surprisingly, methodological research analysing surveys of police officers is rare. We analysed the extent and correlates of response rates in police [...]

Does the Association between Leisure Activities and Survival in Old Age Differ by Living Arrangement?” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

By |December 6th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health Nilsen, Charlotta, Neda Agahi, and Benjamin A Shaw*. Abstract Background Government policies to promote ageing in place have led to a growing frail population living at home in advanced old age, many of whom live alone. Living alone in old age is associated with adverse health outcomes, but we [...]

Heterogeneity in Trajectories of Body Mass Index and Their Associations with Mortality in Old Age: A Literature Review

By |December 6th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome Murayama, Hiroshi, and Benjamin A. Shaw* Abstract This article reviewed studies to investigate the association between trajectories of body mass index (BMI) and mortality among older adults. Investigators conducted a systematic search of published peer-reviewed literature in the PubMed database, and three articles that satisfied the inclusion criteria for [...]

Breastfeeding and Motor Development in Term and Preterm Infants in a Longitudinal US Cohort

By |December 6th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition Michels, Kara A, Akhgar Ghassabian, Sunni L Mumford, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Erin M Bell*, Scott C Bello, and Edwina H Yeung. Abstract Background: The relation between breastfeeding and early motor development is difficult to characterize because of the problems in existing studies such as incomplete control for confounding, retrospective assessment [...]

Evidence from SINPHONIE Project: Impact of Home Environmental Exposures on Respiratory Health among School-Age Children in Romania

By |December 6th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Science of The Total Environment Lu, Yi, Shao Lin*, Wayne R. Lawrence, Ziqiang Lin, Eugen Gurzau, Eva Csobod, and Iulia A. Neamtiu. Abstract BACKGROUND: Exposure to indoor air pollutants at home was found to be associated with respiratory diseases. As lifestyle changes with rapid economic growth in Romania, the aim of our study is to [...]

Does Maternal Environmental Tobacco Smoke Interact with Social-Demographics and Environmental Factors on Congenital Heart Defects?

By |December 4th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Environmental Pollution Liu, Xiaoqing, Zhiqiang Nie, Jimei Chen, Xiaoling Guo, Yanqiu Ou, Guanchun Chen, Jinzhuang Mai, Wei Gong, Yong Wu, Xiangmin Gao, Yanji Qu, Erin M. Bell*, Shao Lin*, and Jian Zhuang. Abstract Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a major cause of death in infancy and childhood. Major risk factors for most CHDs, particularly those [...]

A Newly Identified Role of the Deciduous Forest Floor in the Timing of Green-Up: Edaphic Factors of Forest Phenology

By |December 4th, 2017|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences Lapenis, Andrei G., Gregory B. Lawrence, Alexander Buyantuev, Shiguo Jiang*, Timothy J. Sullivan, Todd C. McDonnell, and Scott Bailey. Abstract Plant phenology studies rarely consider controlling factors other than air temperature. We evaluate here the potential significance of physical and chemical properties of soil (edaphic factors) as additional important controls [...]