Monthly Archives: July 2017

//July

Neighborhood Crime Control in a Changing China: Tiao-Jie, Bang-Jiao, and Neighborhood Watches

By |July 7th, 2017|Research Highlights|

Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency Messner, Steven F.*, Lening Zhang, Sheldon X. Zhang, and Colin P. Gruner ABSTRACT Objectives: This research assesses the impacts of three distinctive crime control activities organized and directed by the neighborhood committees with the assistance of local police in contemporary urban China - Tiao-jie, Bang-jiao, and neighborhood watches. [...]

Criminal Records and Employment: A Survey of Experiences and Attitudes in the United States

By |July 7th, 2017|Research Highlights|

Justice Quarterly Denver, Megan, Justin T. Pickett*, and Shawn D. Bushway* ABSTRACT Ban-the-Box (BTB) legislation, which bans employers from asking about criminal history records on the initial job application, is arguably the most prominent policy arising from the prisoner reentry movement. BTB policies assume: 1) most employers ask about criminal records, and 2) inquiries occur [...]

Long-Term Comparative Effectiveness of Endeavor Zotarolimus-Eluting and Everolimus-Eluting Stents in New York

By |July 7th, 2017|Research Highlights|

International Journal of Cardiology Qian, Feng*, Ye Zhong, and Edward L. Hannan ABSTRACT Background: Endeavor zotarolimus-eluting stents (E-ZES) and everolimus-eluting stents (EES) as second-generation stents were approved for use in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) in 2008. We aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of E-ZES vs. EES using New York State (NYS) cardiac registries and [...]

Third-Person Perceptions, Hostile Media Effects, and Policing: Developing a Theoretical Framework for Assessing the Ferguson Effect

By |July 7th, 2017|Research Highlights|

Journal of Criminal Justice Nix, J., and J.T. Pickett* ABSTRACT Objectives: Policing in the United States has come under intense scrutiny following numerous deadly force incidents involving unarmed black citizens, which dominated the news media. Some have argued that consequently, a “chill wind” has blown through law enforcement, such that officers have become more distrustful [...]

Experience Versus Expectation: Economic Insecurity, the Great Recession, and Support for the Death Penalty

By |July 7th, 2017|Research Highlights|

Justice Quarterly Lehmann, P.S., and J.T. Pickett* ABSTRACT Scholars have theorized that people who report past economic hardship and those who forecast future economic instability will be more likely to support punitive criminal justice policies than those who do not. Only recently have researchers begun to empirically examine this association, and the findings from this [...]

Demeanor, Race, and Police Perceptions of Procedural Justice: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments

By |July 7th, 2017|Research Highlights|

Justice Quarterly Nix, J., J.T. Pickett*, S.E. Wolfe, and B.A. Campbell ABSTRACT President Obama’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing recently endorsed procedural justice as a way to restore trust between police and communities. Yet police–citizen interactions vary immensely, and research has yet to give sufficient consideration to the factors that might affect the importance [...]

Associations between Toxic and Essential Trace Elements in Maternal Blood and Fetal Congenital Heart Defects

By |July 7th, 2017|Research Highlights|

Environment International Ou, Yanqiu, Michael S. Bloom*, Zhiqiang Nie, Fengzhen Han, Jinzhuang Mai, Jimei Chen, Shao Lin, Xiaoqing Liu, and Jian Zhuang ABSTRACT Prenatal exposure to toxic trace elements, including heavy metals, is an important public health concern. Few studies have assessed if individual and multiple trace elements simultaneously affect cardiac development. The current study [...]