Lung

Judson, Marc A., Amit Chopra, Edward Conuel, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Christopher Schafer, Adam Austin, Robert Zhang, Kerry Cao, Rani Berry, Malik M. H. S. Khan, Aakash Modi, Ritu Modi, Stephanie Jou, Furqan Ilyas, and Recai M. Yucel*

Yucel

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Cough is a common symptom of pulmonary sarcoidosis. We analyzed the severity of cough and factors associated with cough in a university sarcoidosis clinic cohort. Methods: Consecutive patients completed the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) and a cough visual analog scale (VAS). Clinical and demographic data were collected. Means of the LCQ were analyzed in patients who had multiple visits in terms of constant variables (e.g., race, sex). Results: 355 patients completed the LCQ and VAS at 874 visits. Cough was significantly worse in blacks than whites as determined by the LCQ-mean (16.5 ± 2.6 vs. 17.8 ± 3.0, p < 0.001) and VAS-mean (3.8 ± 3.0 vs. 2.0 ± 2.6, p < 0.0001). Cough was worse in women than men as measured by the VAS-mean (2.7 ± 2.9 vs. 2.2 ± 2.7, p = 0.002), one of the LCQ-mean domains (LCQ-Social-mean 5.4 ± 0.9 vs. 5.2 ± 1.0, p = 0.03), but not the total LCQ-mean score. Cough was not significantly different by either measure in terms of smoking status, age, or spirometric parameter (FVC % predicted, FEV1 % predicted, FEV1/FVC). In a multivariable linear regression analysis, cough was significantly worse in blacks than whites and in pulmonary sarcoidosis than non-pulmonary sarcoidosis with both cough measures, in women than men for the VAS only, and not for spirometric parameters, Scadding stage, or age. The LCQ and VAS were strongly correlated. Conclusions: In a large university outpatient sarcoidosis cohort, cough was worse in blacks than whites. Cough was not statistically significantly different in terms of age, spirometric measures, Scadding stage, or smoking status. The LCQ correlated strongly with a visual analog scale for cough. The full article

* Denotes CSDA Associates, Affiliates, and Staff