Spatial Inequality

//Spatial Inequality
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Using Behavioral Economics to Advance Deterrence Research and Improve Crime Policy: Some Illustrative Experiments

By |April 23rd, 2018|

Crime & Delinquency

Pickett, Justin T. *

Abstract

Background: We investigate the roles of residential racial segregation and income inequality for the black-white disparity in acquiring sexually transmitted diseases (STD) during pregnancy in a multilevel framework.

Methods: The analytic sample consisted of non-Hispanic white (N = 79,271) or non-Hispanic black (N = 17,669) mothers from 2012 population birth […]

MARKETIZED MENTALITY, COMPETITIVE/EGOISTIC SCHOOL CULTURE, AND DELINQUENT ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR: AN APPLICATION OF INSTITUTIONAL ANOMIE THEORY: MARKETIZED MENTALITY, SCHOOLS, AND DELINQUENCY

By |April 10th, 2018|

Criminology

Groß, Eva M., Andreas HöVermann, and Steven F. Messner*

Abstract

We analyze the individual‐level and school‐level determinants of delinquency through the lens of a macro‐sociological theory of crime—institutional anomie theory (IAT). The concept of a “marketized mentality” is introduced as a predictor of students’ delinquency, along with an egoistic/competitive school culture—a feature of the school community. […]

Who Gets Ahead and Who Falls Behind During the Transition to High School? Academic Performance at the Intersection of Race/Ethnicity and Gender

By |March 13th, 2018|

Social Problems

Sutton, April, Amy G. Langenkamp, Chandra Muller, and Kathryn S. Schiller*

Abstract

Academic stratification during educational transitions may be maintained, disrupted, or exacerbated. This study marks the first to use national data to investigate how the transition to high school (re)shapes academic status at the intersection of race/ethnicity and gender. We seek to identify the […]

Toward a Bifurcated Theory of Emotional Deterrence

By |March 9th, 2018|

Criminology

Pickett, Justin T*., Sean Patrick Roche, and Greg Pogarsky

Abstract

Since Hobbes (1957 and Beccaria (1963 ), scholars have theorized that the emotion of fear is critical for deterrence. Nevertheless, contemporary deterrence researchers have mostly overlooked the distinction between perceived sanction risk and fear of apprehension. Whereas perceived risk is a cognitive judgment, fear […]

Late to Terminal Formative period political transformations and their household-level impact at Cerro Jazmín, Mixteca Alta, Oaxaca

By |March 6th, 2018|

Journal of Anthropological Archaeology

Pérez, Rodríguez*, Tuñón Martínez, and Ponce de León Higelín

Abstract

In the Formative period, Cerro Jazmín, a settlement in the Mixteca Alta region of Oaxaca, experimented with different sociopolitical strategies to first consolidate its position as a nascent urban center and later to convey its regional independence. In this article, […]

Differential Investments and Opportunities: How Neighborhood Conditions Moderate the Relationship between Perceived Housing Discrimination and Social Capital

By |February 6th, 2018|

Social Science Research

Yang, Tse-Chuan*, I-Chien Chen, Seulki Kim, and Seung-won Choi

Abstract

Though the adverse consequences of perceived housing discrimination have been documented, little is known about whether such experience undermines one’s social capital in a neighborhood and even less is about whether and how this relationship is altered by neighborhood features. We […]

Confidence Bands for ROC Curves With Serially Dependent Data.

By |February 6th, 2018|

Journal of Business & Economic Statistics

Lahiri, Kajal*, and Liu Yang.

Abstract

We propose serial correlation-robust asymptotic confidence bands for the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and its functional, viz., the area under ROC curve (AUC), estimated by quasi-maximum likelihood in the binormal model. Our simulation experiments confirm that this new method performs fairly […]

Cashlessness and Street Crime: A Cross-National Study of Direct Deposit Payment and Robbery Rates

By |February 6th, 2018|

Justice Quarterly

Pridemore, William Alex*, Sean Patrick Roche, and Meghan L. Rogers

Abstract

Substantial variation in national crime rates suggests social structure and cultural context influence offending and victimization. Several prominent criminological theories anticipate a positive association between the prevalence of cash in a society and its rates of pecuniary crime. We examined the association between […]

Spatial, Temporal, and Dietary Variables Associated with Elevated Mercury Exposure in Peruvian Riverine Communities Upstream and Downstream of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining

By |January 24th, 2018|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Wyatt, Lauren, Ernesto Ortiz, Beth Feingold*, Axel Berky, Sarah Diringer, Ana Morales, Elvis Jurado, Heileen Hsu-Kim, and William Pan

Abstract

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is a primary contributor to global mercury and its rapid expansion raises concern for human exposure. Non-occupational exposure risks are presumed to be […]

Race, Bullying, and Public Perceptions of School and University Safety

By |December 8th, 2017|

Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Shelley, Walter W., Justin T. Pickett*, Christina Mancini, Robyn Diehl McDougle, Grant Rissler, and Hayley Cleary

Abstract

Bullying and school crime are important social problems that are receiving increased attention by scholars and policy makers. However, several critical questions remain unaddressed. First, does the public perceive bullying as a serious problem and judge schools—primary, […]