Spatial Inequality

//Spatial Inequality

Using Behavioral Economics to Advance Deterrence Research and Improve Crime Policy: Some Illustrative Experiments

By |April 23rd, 2018|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Crime & Delinquency Pickett, Justin T. * Abstract Background: We investigate the roles of residential racial segregation and income inequality for the black-white disparity in acquiring sexually transmitted diseases (STD) during pregnancy in a multilevel framework. Methods: The analytic sample consisted of non-Hispanic white (N = 79,271) or non-Hispanic black (N = 17,669) mothers from [...]


By |April 10th, 2018|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Criminology Groß, Eva M., Andreas HöVermann, and Steven F. Messner* Abstract We analyze the individual‐level and school‐level determinants of delinquency through the lens of a macro‐sociological theory of crime—institutional anomie theory (IAT). The concept of a “marketized mentality” is introduced as a predictor of students’ delinquency, along with an egoistic/competitive school culture—a feature of the [...]

Who Gets Ahead and Who Falls Behind During the Transition to High School? Academic Performance at the Intersection of Race/Ethnicity and Gender

By |March 13th, 2018|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Social Problems Sutton, April, Amy G. Langenkamp, Chandra Muller, and Kathryn S. Schiller* Abstract Academic stratification during educational transitions may be maintained, disrupted, or exacerbated. This study marks the first to use national data to investigate how the transition to high school (re)shapes academic status at the intersection of race/ethnicity and gender. We seek to [...]

Toward a Bifurcated Theory of Emotional Deterrence

By |March 9th, 2018|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Criminology Pickett, Justin T*., Sean Patrick Roche, and Greg Pogarsky Abstract Since Hobbes (1957 [1651] and Beccaria (1963 [1764]), scholars have theorized that the emotion of fear is critical for deterrence. Nevertheless, contemporary deterrence researchers have mostly overlooked the distinction between perceived sanction risk and fear of apprehension. Whereas perceived risk is a cognitive judgment, [...]

Late to Terminal Formative period political transformations and their household-level impact at Cerro Jazmín, Mixteca Alta, Oaxaca

By |March 6th, 2018|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Journal of Anthropological Archaeology Pérez, Rodríguez*, Tuñón Martínez, and Ponce de León Higelín Abstract In the Formative period, Cerro Jazmín, a settlement in the Mixteca Alta region of Oaxaca, experimented with different sociopolitical strategies to first consolidate its position as a nascent urban center and later to convey its regional independence. In this article, we [...]

Differential Investments and Opportunities: How Neighborhood Conditions Moderate the Relationship between Perceived Housing Discrimination and Social Capital

By |February 6th, 2018|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Social Science Research Yang, Tse-Chuan*, I-Chien Chen, Seulki Kim, and Seung-won Choi Abstract Though the adverse consequences of perceived housing discrimination have been documented, little is known about whether such experience undermines one's social capital in a neighborhood and even less is about whether and how this relationship is altered by neighborhood features. We proposed [...]

Confidence Bands for ROC Curves With Serially Dependent Data.

By |February 6th, 2018|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Journal of Business & Economic Statistics Lahiri, Kajal*, and Liu Yang. Abstract We propose serial correlation-robust asymptotic confidence bands for the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and its functional, viz., the area under ROC curve (AUC), estimated by quasi-maximum likelihood in the binormal model. Our simulation experiments confirm that this new method performs fairly well [...]

Cashlessness and Street Crime: A Cross-National Study of Direct Deposit Payment and Robbery Rates

By |February 6th, 2018|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Justice Quarterly Pridemore, William Alex*, Sean Patrick Roche, and Meghan L. Rogers Abstract Substantial variation in national crime rates suggests social structure and cultural context influence offending and victimization. Several prominent criminological theories anticipate a positive association between the prevalence of cash in a society and its rates of pecuniary crime. We examined the association [...]

Spatial, Temporal, and Dietary Variables Associated with Elevated Mercury Exposure in Peruvian Riverine Communities Upstream and Downstream of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining

By |January 24th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Wyatt, Lauren, Ernesto Ortiz, Beth Feingold*, Axel Berky, Sarah Diringer, Ana Morales, Elvis Jurado, Heileen Hsu-Kim, and William Pan Abstract Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is a primary contributor to global mercury and its rapid expansion raises concern for human exposure. Non-occupational exposure risks are presumed [...]

Race, Bullying, and Public Perceptions of School and University Safety

By |December 8th, 2017|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Journal of Interpersonal Violence Shelley, Walter W., Justin T. Pickett*, Christina Mancini, Robyn Diehl McDougle, Grant Rissler, and Hayley Cleary Abstract Bullying and school crime are important social problems that are receiving increased attention by scholars and policy makers. However, several critical questions remain unaddressed. First, does the public perceive bullying as a serious problem [...]