Population Health

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Incidence of Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma in Iranian Provinces and American States Matched on Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure: An Ecologic Study

By |January 22nd, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Environmental Pollution Moslehi, Roxana*, Nur Zeinomar, and Francis P. Boscoe. Abstract Objectives Ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with UVB and UVA as the relevant components, is a risk factor for melanoma. Complete ascertainment and registration of melanoma in Iran was conducted in five provinces (Ardabil, Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and Kerman) during 1996–2000. The aim of our study [...]

Decomposing Environmental Unpredictability in Forecasting Adolescent and Young Adult Development: A Two-Sample Study

By |January 22nd, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Development and Psychopathology Hartman, Sarah, Sooyeon Sung, Jeffry A. Simpson, Gabriel L. Schlomer*, and Jay Belsky. Abstract To illuminate which features of an unpredictable environment early in life best forecast adolescent and adult functioning, data from two longitudinal studies were examined. After decomposing a composite unpredictability construct found to predict later development, results of both [...]

Drivers for Change: A Study of Distributed Leadership and Performance Adaptation During Policy Innovation Implementation

By |December 11th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Leadership and Policy in Schools Zuckerman, Sarah J., Kristen Campbell Wilcox, Francesca T. Durand, Hal A. Lawson, and Kathryn S. Schiller* Abstract Scaling up innovation in the instructional core remains a vexing proposition. Such disruptive innovations require teachers to engage in performance adaptation. Schools vary in their capacity to support changes in teachers’ day-to-day work. [...]

Humidity May Modify the Relationship between Temperature and Cardiovascular Mortality in Zhejiang Province, China

By |December 11th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Zeng, Jie, Xuehai Zhang, Jun Yang, Junzhe Bao, Hao Xiang, Keith Dear, Qiyong Liu, Shao Lin*, Wayne Lawrence, Aihua Lin, and Cunrui Huang Abstract Background: The evidence of increased mortality attributable to extreme temperatures is widely characterized in climate-health studies. However, few of these studies have examined [...]

Sequential Hierarchical Regression Imputation

By |December 11th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology Yucel, Recai M.*, Enxu Zhao, Nathaniel Schenker, and Trivellore E. Raghunathan Abstract Skip patterns, bounds, and diverse measurement scales often exacerbate the problem of item nonresponse in the analysis of survey data. Sequential, or variable-by-variable imputation techniques have been quite successfully applied to overcome such problems. Most of these [...]

Influence of Race on Prenatal Phthalate Exposure and Anogenital Measurements among Boys and Girls

By |December 11th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Environment International Wenzel, Abby G., Michael S. Bloom*, Celeste D. Butts, Rebecca J. Wineland, John W. Brock, Lori Cruze, Elizabeth R. Unal, John R. Kucklick, Stephen E. Somerville, and Roger B. Newman Abstract BACKGROUND: Select phthalates have antiandrogenic activity, which raises concern for adverse developmental outcomes given widespread exposure of pregnant women. Investigators have reported [...]

Ethnic differences in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality by physical activity levels among older adults in the US

By |December 8th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Ethnicity & Health Vásquez, Elizabeth, Karine Sahakyan, John A. Batsis, Cassandra Germain, Virend K. Somers, and Benjamin A. Shaw* Abstract Aims: This study sought to determine whether the association between varying levels of physical activity (PA) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality differ by race/ethnicity in older adults. Methods: The sample comprised 2520 women and 2398 [...]

Understanding Guilty Pleas through the Lens of Social Science

By |December 6th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Psychology, Public Policy, and Law Redlich, Allison D., Miko M. Wilford, and Shawn Bushway*. Abstract The adjudication of crime by guilty plea has been on the rise globally for at least the last 30 years. Few countries, however, have accepted pleas to the degree of the United States, whose highest court recently acknowledged a criminal [...]

Replication in Criminology and the Social Sciences

By |December 6th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Annual Review of Criminology Pridemore, William Alex*, Matthew C. Makel, and Jonathan A. Plucker Abstract Replication is a hallmark of science. In recent years, some medical sciences and behavioral sciences struggled with what came to be known as replication crises. As a field, criminology has yet to address formally the threats to our evidence base [...]

Police research, officer surveys, and response rates

By |December 6th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Policing and Society Nix, Justin, Justin T. Pickett*, Hyunin Baek, and Geoffrey P. Alpert. Abstract In recent years, policing scholars have increasingly used survey methods to gain insight into officers’ attitudes and behaviours. Yet, surprisingly, methodological research analysing surveys of police officers is rare. We analysed the extent and correlates of response rates in police [...]