Population Health

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Drivers for Change: A Study of Distributed Leadership and Performance Adaptation During Policy Innovation Implementation

By |December 11th, 2017|

Leadership and Policy in Schools

Zuckerman, Sarah J., Kristen Campbell Wilcox, Francesca T. Durand, Hal A. Lawson, and Kathryn S. Schiller*

Abstract

Scaling up innovation in the instructional core remains a vexing proposition. Such disruptive innovations require teachers to engage in performance adaptation. Schools vary in their capacity to support changes in teachers’ day-to-day work. By comparing […]

Humidity May Modify the Relationship between Temperature and Cardiovascular Mortality in Zhejiang Province, China

By |December 11th, 2017|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Zeng, Jie, Xuehai Zhang, Jun Yang, Junzhe Bao, Hao Xiang, Keith Dear, Qiyong Liu, Shao Lin*, Wayne Lawrence, Aihua Lin, and Cunrui Huang

Abstract

Background: The evidence of increased mortality attributable to extreme temperatures is widely characterized in climate-health studies. However, few of these studies have examined the role […]

Sequential Hierarchical Regression Imputation

By |December 11th, 2017|

Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology

Yucel, Recai M.*, Enxu Zhao, Nathaniel Schenker, and Trivellore E. Raghunathan

Abstract

Skip patterns, bounds, and diverse measurement scales often exacerbate the problem of item nonresponse in the analysis of survey data. Sequential, or variable-by-variable imputation techniques have been quite successfully applied to overcome such problems. Most of these techniques have […]

Influence of Race on Prenatal Phthalate Exposure and Anogenital Measurements among Boys and Girls

By |December 11th, 2017|

Environment International

Wenzel, Abby G., Michael S. Bloom*, Celeste D. Butts, Rebecca J. Wineland, John W. Brock, Lori Cruze, Elizabeth R. Unal, John R. Kucklick, Stephen E. Somerville, and Roger B. Newman

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Select phthalates have antiandrogenic activity, which raises concern for adverse developmental outcomes given widespread exposure of pregnant women. Investigators have reported associations between maternal […]

Ethnic differences in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality by physical activity levels among older adults in the US

By |December 8th, 2017|

Ethnicity & Health

Vásquez, Elizabeth, Karine Sahakyan, John A. Batsis, Cassandra Germain, Virend K. Somers, and Benjamin A. Shaw*

Abstract

Aims:
This study sought to determine whether the association between varying levels of physical activity (PA) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality differ by race/ethnicity in older adults.
Methods:
The sample comprised 2520 women and 2398 men drawn from […]

Understanding Guilty Pleas through the Lens of Social Science

By |December 6th, 2017|

Psychology, Public Policy, and Law

Redlich, Allison D., Miko M. Wilford, and Shawn Bushway*.

Abstract

The adjudication of crime by guilty plea has been on the rise globally for at least the last 30 years. Few countries, however, have accepted pleas to the degree of the United States, whose highest court recently acknowledged a criminal justice system […]

Replication in Criminology and the Social Sciences

By |December 6th, 2017|

Annual Review of Criminology

Pridemore, William Alex*, Matthew C. Makel, and Jonathan A. Plucker

Abstract

Replication is a hallmark of science. In recent years, some medical sciences and behavioral sciences struggled with what came to be known as replication crises. As a field, criminology has yet to address formally the threats to our evidence base that might be […]

Police research, officer surveys, and response rates

By |December 6th, 2017|

Policing and Society

Nix, Justin, Justin T. Pickett*, Hyunin Baek, and Geoffrey P. Alpert.

Abstract

In recent years, policing scholars have increasingly used survey methods to gain insight into officers’ attitudes and behaviours. Yet, surprisingly, methodological research analysing surveys of police officers is rare. We analysed the extent and correlates of response rates in police surveys, providing insights […]

Does the Association between Leisure Activities and Survival in Old Age Differ by Living Arrangement?” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

By |December 6th, 2017|

Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

Nilsen, Charlotta, Neda Agahi, and Benjamin A Shaw*.

Abstract

Background Government policies to promote ageing in place have led to a growing frail population living at home in advanced old age, many of whom live alone. Living alone in old age is associated with adverse health outcomes, but we know little […]

Heterogeneity in Trajectories of Body Mass Index and Their Associations with Mortality in Old Age: A Literature Review

By |December 6th, 2017|

Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome

Murayama, Hiroshi, and Benjamin A. Shaw*

Abstract
This article reviewed studies to investigate the association between trajectories of body mass index (BMI) and mortality among older adults. Investigators conducted a systematic search of published peer-reviewed literature in the PubMed database, and three articles that satisfied the inclusion criteria for the review […]