Research Highlights

/Research Highlights
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Data Processing and Case Identification in an Agricultural and Logging Morbidity Surveillance Study: Trends over Time

By |August 14th, 2017|

American Journal of Industrial Medicine

Scott, Erika, Erin Bell*, Nicole Krupa, Liane Hirabayashi, and Paul Jenkins

ABSTRACT

Background: Agriculture and logging are dangerous industries, and though data on fatal injury exists, less is known about non-fatal injury. Establishing a non-fatal injury surveillance system is a top priority. Pre-hospital care reports and hospitalization data were explored as a low-cost […]

Relationship between Day 1 and Day 2 Vancomycin Area under the Curve Values and Emergence of Heterogeneous Vancomycin-Intermediate Staphylococcus Aureus (hVISA) by Etest® Macromethod among Patients with MRSA Bloodstream Infections: A Pilot Study

By |August 14th, 2017|

BMC Infectious Diseases

Martirosov, Dmitriy M., Monique R. Bidell, Manjunath P. Pai, Marc H. Scheetz, Susan L. Rosenkranz, Corey Faragon, M. Malik, R. E. Mendes, R. N. Jones, Louise-Anne McNutt*, and Thomas P. Lodise

ABSTRACT

Background: In vitro data suggests that suboptimal initial vancomycin exposure may select for heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (hVISA) infections. However, no clinical studies […]

Severe Maternal Morbidity: A Population-Based Study of an Expanded Measure and Associated Factors

By |August 14th, 2017|

PLOS ONE

Lazariu, Victoria, Trang Nguyen, Louise-Anne McNutt*, Jillian Jeffrey, and Marilyn Kacica

ABSTRACT

Severe maternal morbidity conditions such as sepsis, embolism and cardiac arrest during the delivery hospitalization period can lead to extended length of hospital stays, life-long maternal health problems, and high medical costs. Most importantly, these conditions also contribute to the risk of maternal death. […]

Estimated Maternal Pesticide Exposure from Drinking Water and Heart Defects in Offspring

By |August 14th, 2017|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Kim, Jihye, Michael D. Swartz, Peter H. Langlois, Paul A. Romitti, Peter Weyer, Laura E. Mitchell, Thomas J. Luben, Anushuya Ramakrishnan, Sadia Malik, Philip J. Lupo, Marcia L. Feldkamp, Robert E. Meyer, Jennifer J. Winston, Jennita Reefhuis, Sarah J. Blossom, Erin Bell*, A. J. Agopian, and the National […]

Redeemed Compared to Whom?

By |August 14th, 2017|

Criminology & Public Policy

DeWitt, Samuel E., Shawn D. Bushway*, Garima Siwach, and Megan C. Kurlychek

ABSTRACT

Research Summary: By using data on provisional employees with and without criminal records, we find that existing standards of a “reasonable amount of risk” (derived from “time to redemption” research) for an employer to incur in hiring individuals with criminal […]

Population-Based Case–control Study of the Association between Weather-Related Extreme Heat Events and Neural Tube Defects

By |August 7th, 2017|

Birth Defects Research

Soim, Aida, Shao Lin*, Scott C. Sheridan, Syni-An Hwang, Wan-Hsiang Hsu, Thomas J. Luben, Gary M. Shaw, Marcia L. Feldkamp, Paul A. Romitti, Jennita Reefhuis, Peter H. Langlois, Marilyn L. Browne, and the National Birth Defects Prevention Study

ABSTRACT

Background: Elevated body core temperature has been shown to have teratogenic effects in animal studies. Our […]

Developing Effective HIV Education in Central Asia: A Cross-Sectional Study among Kazakh Medical Students

By |August 7th, 2017|

The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

Nugmanova, Zhamilya Sakenovna, Gulzhakhan Mazhitovna Akhmetova, Gulnara Sayabekovna Kurmangalieva, Nataliya Grigorievna Kovtunenko, Gulmira Rakhatovna Kalzhanbaeva, Malika Kamalovna Abdumananova, and Louise-Anne McNutt*

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The HIV epidemic continues to expand in Central Asia, bridging from injecting drug users to the general population, largely through heterosexual transmission. This study describes medical students’ attitudes […]

A Wearable Motion Tracking System to Reduce Direct Care Worker Injuries: An Exploratory Study

By |August 1st, 2017|

Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Digital Health

Muckell, Jonathan, Yuchi Young, and Mitch Leventhal

ABSTRACT

Patients with functional disabilities often require assistance to perform basic everyday activities, such as bathing, dressing, and getting into/out of bed. These activities typically require the direct care worker (DCW) to transfer (lift & move) the patient from one location to […]

The Assessment of Cough in a Sarcoidosis Clinic Using a Validated instrument and a Visual Analog Scale

By |July 31st, 2017|

Lung

Judson, Marc A., Amit Chopra, Edward Conuel, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Christopher Schafer, Adam Austin, Robert Zhang, Kerry Cao, Rani Berry, Malik M. H. S. Khan, Aakash Modi, Ritu Modi, Stephanie Jou, Furqan Ilyas, and Recai M. Yucel*

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Cough is a common symptom of pulmonary sarcoidosis. We analyzed the severity of cough and factors associated with cough […]

Looking through a Different Lens: Examining the Inequality-Mortality Association in U.S. Counties Using Spatial Panel Models

By |July 31st, 2017|

Applied Geography

Yang, Tse-Chuan*, Stephen A. Matthews, and Kiwoong Park

ABSTRACT

Two areas still need further examination in the ecological study of inequality and mortality. First, the evidence for the relationship between income inequality and mortality remains inconclusive, particularly when the analytic unit is small (e.g., county in the U.S.). Second, most previous studies are cross-sectional and are […]