Research Highlights

/Research Highlights

Incidence of Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma in Iranian Provinces and American States Matched on Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure: An Ecologic Study

By |January 22nd, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Environmental Pollution Moslehi, Roxana*, Nur Zeinomar, and Francis P. Boscoe. Abstract Objectives Ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with UVB and UVA as the relevant components, is a risk factor for melanoma. Complete ascertainment and registration of melanoma in Iran was conducted in five provinces (Ardabil, Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and Kerman) during 1996–2000. The aim of our study [...]

Decomposing Environmental Unpredictability in Forecasting Adolescent and Young Adult Development: A Two-Sample Study

By |January 22nd, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Development and Psychopathology Hartman, Sarah, Sooyeon Sung, Jeffry A. Simpson, Gabriel L. Schlomer*, and Jay Belsky. Abstract To illuminate which features of an unpredictable environment early in life best forecast adolescent and adult functioning, data from two longitudinal studies were examined. After decomposing a composite unpredictability construct found to predict later development, results of both [...]

Drivers for Change: A Study of Distributed Leadership and Performance Adaptation During Policy Innovation Implementation

By |December 11th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Leadership and Policy in Schools Zuckerman, Sarah J., Kristen Campbell Wilcox, Francesca T. Durand, Hal A. Lawson, and Kathryn S. Schiller* Abstract Scaling up innovation in the instructional core remains a vexing proposition. Such disruptive innovations require teachers to engage in performance adaptation. Schools vary in their capacity to support changes in teachers’ day-to-day work. [...]

Humidity May Modify the Relationship between Temperature and Cardiovascular Mortality in Zhejiang Province, China

By |December 11th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Zeng, Jie, Xuehai Zhang, Jun Yang, Junzhe Bao, Hao Xiang, Keith Dear, Qiyong Liu, Shao Lin*, Wayne Lawrence, Aihua Lin, and Cunrui Huang Abstract Background: The evidence of increased mortality attributable to extreme temperatures is widely characterized in climate-health studies. However, few of these studies have examined [...]

Sequential Hierarchical Regression Imputation

By |December 11th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology Yucel, Recai M.*, Enxu Zhao, Nathaniel Schenker, and Trivellore E. Raghunathan Abstract Skip patterns, bounds, and diverse measurement scales often exacerbate the problem of item nonresponse in the analysis of survey data. Sequential, or variable-by-variable imputation techniques have been quite successfully applied to overcome such problems. Most of these [...]

Influence of Race on Prenatal Phthalate Exposure and Anogenital Measurements among Boys and Girls

By |December 11th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Environment International Wenzel, Abby G., Michael S. Bloom*, Celeste D. Butts, Rebecca J. Wineland, John W. Brock, Lori Cruze, Elizabeth R. Unal, John R. Kucklick, Stephen E. Somerville, and Roger B. Newman Abstract BACKGROUND: Select phthalates have antiandrogenic activity, which raises concern for adverse developmental outcomes given widespread exposure of pregnant women. Investigators have reported [...]

Ethnic differences in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality by physical activity levels among older adults in the US

By |December 8th, 2017|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Ethnicity & Health Vásquez, Elizabeth, Karine Sahakyan, John A. Batsis, Cassandra Germain, Virend K. Somers, and Benjamin A. Shaw* Abstract Aims: This study sought to determine whether the association between varying levels of physical activity (PA) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality differ by race/ethnicity in older adults. Methods: The sample comprised 2520 women and 2398 [...]

Race, Bullying, and Public Perceptions of School and University Safety

By |December 8th, 2017|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Journal of Interpersonal Violence Shelley, Walter W., Justin T. Pickett*, Christina Mancini, Robyn Diehl McDougle, Grant Rissler, and Hayley Cleary Abstract Bullying and school crime are important social problems that are receiving increased attention by scholars and policy makers. However, several critical questions remain unaddressed. First, does the public perceive bullying as a serious problem [...]

DOES THE GENDER GAP IN DELINQUENCY VARY BY LEVEL OF PATRIARCHY? A CROSS-NATIONAL COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS: CROSS-NATIONAL GENDER GAP IN DELINQUENCY

By |December 8th, 2017|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Criminology Savolainen, Jukka, Samantha Applin, Steven F. Messner*, Lorine A. Hughes, Robert Lytle, and Janne Kivivuori Abstract We examined cross-national variation in the gender differential in offending, which is often referred to as the gender gap in crime. Analyses were directed toward two empirical questions: 1) Is the gender gap narrower in less patriarchal sociocultural [...]

The Influence of Confessions on Guilty Pleas and Plea Discounts

By |December 8th, 2017|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Psychology, Public Policy, and Law Redlich, Allison D., Shi Yan, Robert J. Norris, and Shawn D. Bushway* Abstract The influence on confession evidence in trials is quite strong; triers of fact who hear confession evidence find these self-incriminating statements hard to ignore and in turn, vote to convict more often. However, most cases do not [...]