Research Highlights

/Research Highlights

Air Pollution and Otitis Media in Children: A Systematic Review of Literature

By |February 6th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Bowatte, Gayan, Rachel Tham, Jennifer L. Perret, Michael S. Bloom*, Guanghui Dong, Nilakshi Waidyatillake, Dinh Bui, Geoffrey G. Morgan, Bin Jalaludin, Caroline J. Lodge, and Shyamali C. Dharmage Abstract Young children are particularly vulnerable to otitis media (OM) which globally affects over 80% of children below the [...]

What Predicts Exercise Maintenance and Well-Being? Examining The Influence of Health-Related Psychographic Factors and Social Media Communication

By |February 6th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Health Communication Zhou, Xin, and Archana Krishnan* Abstract Habitual exercising is an important precursor to both physical and psychological well-being. There is, thus, a strong interest in identifying key factors that can best motivate individuals to sustain regular exercise regimen. In addition to the importance of psychographic factors, social media use may act as external [...]

Agent-Based Modeling in Public Health: Current Applications and Future Directions

By |February 6th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Annual Review of Public Health Tracy, Melissa*, Magdalena Cerdá, and Katherine M. Keyes Abstract Agent-based modeling is a computational approach in which agents with a specified set of characteristics interact with each other and with their environment according to predefined rules. We review key areas in public health where agent-based modeling has been adopted, including [...]

Cashlessness and Street Crime: A Cross-National Study of Direct Deposit Payment and Robbery Rates

By |February 6th, 2018|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Justice Quarterly Pridemore, William Alex*, Sean Patrick Roche, and Meghan L. Rogers Abstract Substantial variation in national crime rates suggests social structure and cultural context influence offending and victimization. Several prominent criminological theories anticipate a positive association between the prevalence of cash in a society and its rates of pecuniary crime. We examined the association [...]

Pathways to Linguistic Isolation Among Older U.S. Immigrants: Assessing the Role of Living Arrangements and English Proficiency

By |February 6th, 2018|Immigration, Research Highlights|

The Journals of Gerontology Gubernskaya, Zoya*, and Judith Treas Abstract OBJECTIVES: To identify diverse pathways to linguistic isolation (LI) and explain the differences in LI for older immigrants from different countries. METHOD: A demographic decomposition of LI was applied to 18 largest origin subgroups of foreign-born, ages 65 and older, in the 2010-2014 American Community [...]

Modeling Unobserved Heterogeneity in Susceptibility to Ambient Benzo[a]Pyrene Concentration among Children with Allergic Asthma Using an Unsupervised Learning Algorithm

By |February 6th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Fernández, Daniel, Radim J. Sram, Miroslav Dostal, Anna Pastorkova, Hans Gmuender, and Hyunok Choi* Abstract Current studies of gene × air pollution interaction typically seek to identify unknown heritability of common complex illnesses arising from variability in the host's susceptibility to environmental pollutants of interest. Accordingly, a [...]

Spatial, Temporal, and Dietary Variables Associated with Elevated Mercury Exposure in Peruvian Riverine Communities Upstream and Downstream of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining

By |January 24th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Wyatt, Lauren, Ernesto Ortiz, Beth Feingold*, Axel Berky, Sarah Diringer, Ana Morales, Elvis Jurado, Heileen Hsu-Kim, and William Pan Abstract Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is a primary contributor to global mercury and its rapid expansion raises concern for human exposure. Non-occupational exposure risks are presumed [...]

Who Lives Alone During Old Age? Trends in the Social and Functional Disadvantages of Sweden’s Solitary Living Older Adults

By |January 24th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Research on Aging Shaw, Benjamin A.*, Stefan Fors, Johan Fritzell, Carin Lennartsoon, and Neda Agahi Abstract This study identifies specific social and functional disadvantages associated with living alone during old age in Sweden and assesses whether these associations have changed during recent decades. Data came from repeated cross-sectional surveys of Swedish adults aged 77+ during [...]

Ethical concerns regarding animal use mediate the relationship between variety of pets owned in childhood and vegetarianism in adulthood

By |January 22nd, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Appetite Heiss, Sydney, and Julia M. Hormes* Abstract Plant-based and vegetarian diets have been shown to have diverse health and environmental benefits and also serve to reduce farmed animal exploitation. It is therefore worthwhile to gain a better understanding of the factors that play a role in the decision to refrain from animal products. Past [...]

Incidence of Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma in Iranian Provinces and American States Matched on Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure: An Ecologic Study

By |January 22nd, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Environmental Pollution Moslehi, Roxana*, Nur Zeinomar, and Francis P. Boscoe. Abstract Objectives Ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with UVB and UVA as the relevant components, is a risk factor for melanoma. Complete ascertainment and registration of melanoma in Iran was conducted in five provinces (Ardabil, Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and Kerman) during 1996–2000. The aim of our study [...]