Research Highlights

/Research Highlights
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Air Pollution and Otitis Media in Children: A Systematic Review of Literature

By |February 6th, 2018|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Bowatte, Gayan, Rachel Tham, Jennifer L. Perret, Michael S. Bloom*, Guanghui Dong, Nilakshi Waidyatillake, Dinh Bui, Geoffrey G. Morgan, Bin Jalaludin, Caroline J. Lodge, and Shyamali C. Dharmage

Abstract

Young children are particularly vulnerable to otitis media (OM) which globally affects over 80% of children below the […]

What Predicts Exercise Maintenance and Well-Being? Examining The Influence of Health-Related Psychographic Factors and Social Media Communication

By |February 6th, 2018|

Health Communication

Zhou, Xin, and Archana Krishnan*

Abstract

Habitual exercising is an important precursor to both physical and psychological well-being. There is, thus, a strong interest in identifying key factors that can best motivate individuals to sustain regular exercise regimen. In addition to the importance of psychographic factors, social media use may act as external motivator […]

Agent-Based Modeling in Public Health: Current Applications and Future Directions

By |February 6th, 2018|

Annual Review of Public Health

Tracy, Melissa*, Magdalena Cerdá, and Katherine M. Keyes

Abstract

Agent-based modeling is a computational approach in which agents with a specified set of characteristics interact with each other and with their environment according to predefined rules. We review key areas in public health where agent-based modeling has been adopted, including both […]

Cashlessness and Street Crime: A Cross-National Study of Direct Deposit Payment and Robbery Rates

By |February 6th, 2018|

Justice Quarterly

Pridemore, William Alex*, Sean Patrick Roche, and Meghan L. Rogers

Abstract

Substantial variation in national crime rates suggests social structure and cultural context influence offending and victimization. Several prominent criminological theories anticipate a positive association between the prevalence of cash in a society and its rates of pecuniary crime. We examined the association between […]

Pathways to Linguistic Isolation Among Older U.S. Immigrants: Assessing the Role of Living Arrangements and English Proficiency

By |February 6th, 2018|

The Journals of Gerontology

Gubernskaya, Zoya*, and Judith Treas

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
To identify diverse pathways to linguistic isolation (LI) and explain the differences in LI for older immigrants from different countries.

METHOD:
A demographic decomposition of LI was applied to 18 largest origin subgroups of foreign-born, ages 65 and older, in the 2010-2014 American Community Survey data.

RESULTS:
LI varied from 12% […]

Modeling Unobserved Heterogeneity in Susceptibility to Ambient Benzo[a]Pyrene Concentration among Children with Allergic Asthma Using an Unsupervised Learning Algorithm

By |February 6th, 2018|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Fernández, Daniel, Radim J. Sram, Miroslav Dostal, Anna Pastorkova, Hans Gmuender, and Hyunok Choi*

Abstract

Current studies of gene × air pollution interaction typically seek to identify unknown heritability of common complex illnesses arising from variability in the host’s susceptibility to environmental pollutants of interest. Accordingly, a single component […]

Spatial, Temporal, and Dietary Variables Associated with Elevated Mercury Exposure in Peruvian Riverine Communities Upstream and Downstream of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining

By |January 24th, 2018|

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Wyatt, Lauren, Ernesto Ortiz, Beth Feingold*, Axel Berky, Sarah Diringer, Ana Morales, Elvis Jurado, Heileen Hsu-Kim, and William Pan

Abstract

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is a primary contributor to global mercury and its rapid expansion raises concern for human exposure. Non-occupational exposure risks are presumed to be […]

Who Lives Alone During Old Age? Trends in the Social and Functional Disadvantages of Sweden’s Solitary Living Older Adults

By |January 24th, 2018|

Research on Aging

Shaw, Benjamin A.*, Stefan Fors, Johan Fritzell, Carin Lennartsoon, and Neda Agahi

Abstract

This study identifies specific social and functional disadvantages associated with living alone during old age in Sweden and assesses whether these associations have changed during recent decades. Data came from repeated cross-sectional surveys of Swedish adults aged 77+ during 1992–2014. Findings indicate […]

Ethical concerns regarding animal use mediate the relationship between variety of pets owned in childhood and vegetarianism in adulthood

By |January 22nd, 2018|

Appetite

Heiss, Sydney, and Julia M. Hormes*

Abstract

Plant-based and vegetarian diets have been shown to have diverse health and environmental benefits and also serve to reduce farmed animal exploitation. It is therefore worthwhile to gain a better understanding of the factors that play a role in the decision to refrain from animal products. Past studies have […]

Incidence of Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma in Iranian Provinces and American States Matched on Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure: An Ecologic Study

By |January 22nd, 2018|

Environmental Pollution

Moslehi, Roxana*, Nur Zeinomar, and Francis P. Boscoe.

Abstract

Objectives
Ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with UVB and UVA as the relevant components, is a risk factor for melanoma. Complete ascertainment and registration of melanoma in Iran was conducted in five provinces (Ardabil, Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and Kerman) during 1996–2000. The aim of our study was to compare […]