Research Highlights

/Research Highlights
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RACE, CRIMINAL INJUSTICE FRAMES, AND THE LEGITIMATION OF CARCERAL INEQUALITY AS A SOCIAL PROBLEM

By |December 6th, 2017|

Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race

Pickett, Justin T.*, and Stephanie Bontrager Ryon.

Abstract

Michelle Alexander argues that carceral inequality and mass incarceration together have created a “new racial caste system” in America (2010, p. 11). She contends that only a race-conscious social movement that engages both legal actors and the public can dismantle […]

Police research, officer surveys, and response rates

By |December 6th, 2017|

Policing and Society

Nix, Justin, Justin T. Pickett*, Hyunin Baek, and Geoffrey P. Alpert.

Abstract

In recent years, policing scholars have increasingly used survey methods to gain insight into officers’ attitudes and behaviours. Yet, surprisingly, methodological research analysing surveys of police officers is rare. We analysed the extent and correlates of response rates in police surveys, providing insights […]

Does the Association between Leisure Activities and Survival in Old Age Differ by Living Arrangement?” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

By |December 6th, 2017|

Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

Nilsen, Charlotta, Neda Agahi, and Benjamin A Shaw*.

Abstract

Background Government policies to promote ageing in place have led to a growing frail population living at home in advanced old age, many of whom live alone. Living alone in old age is associated with adverse health outcomes, but we know little […]

Heterogeneity in Trajectories of Body Mass Index and Their Associations with Mortality in Old Age: A Literature Review

By |December 6th, 2017|

Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome

Murayama, Hiroshi, and Benjamin A. Shaw*

Abstract
This article reviewed studies to investigate the association between trajectories of body mass index (BMI) and mortality among older adults. Investigators conducted a systematic search of published peer-reviewed literature in the PubMed database, and three articles that satisfied the inclusion criteria for the review […]

Breastfeeding and Motor Development in Term and Preterm Infants in a Longitudinal US Cohort

By |December 6th, 2017|

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Michels, Kara A, Akhgar Ghassabian, Sunni L Mumford, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Erin M Bell*, Scott C Bello, and Edwina H Yeung.

Abstract

Background: The relation between breastfeeding and early motor development is difficult to characterize because of the problems in existing studies such as incomplete control for confounding, retrospective assessment of infant […]

Evidence from SINPHONIE Project: Impact of Home Environmental Exposures on Respiratory Health among School-Age Children in Romania

By |December 6th, 2017|

Science of The Total Environment

Lu, Yi, Shao Lin*, Wayne R. Lawrence, Ziqiang Lin, Eugen Gurzau, Eva Csobod, and Iulia A. Neamtiu.

Abstract
BACKGROUND:
Exposure to indoor air pollutants at home was found to be associated with respiratory diseases. As lifestyle changes with rapid economic growth in Romania, the aim of our study is to describe the characteristics […]

Does Maternal Environmental Tobacco Smoke Interact with Social-Demographics and Environmental Factors on Congenital Heart Defects?

By |December 4th, 2017|

Environmental Pollution

Liu, Xiaoqing, Zhiqiang Nie, Jimei Chen, Xiaoling Guo, Yanqiu Ou, Guanchun Chen, Jinzhuang Mai, Wei Gong, Yong Wu, Xiangmin Gao, Yanji Qu, Erin M. Bell*, Shao Lin*, and Jian Zhuang.

Abstract
Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a major cause of death in infancy and childhood. Major risk factors for most CHDs, particularly those resulting from the […]

A Newly Identified Role of the Deciduous Forest Floor in the Timing of Green-Up: Edaphic Factors of Forest Phenology

By |December 4th, 2017|

Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences

Lapenis, Andrei G., Gregory B. Lawrence, Alexander Buyantuev, Shiguo Jiang*, Timothy J. Sullivan, Todd C. McDonnell, and Scott Bailey.

Abstract
Plant phenology studies rarely consider controlling factors other than air temperature. We evaluate here the potential significance of physical and chemical properties of soil (edaphic factors) as additional important controls on phenology. […]

A cluster of vitreoretinal lymphoma in New York with possible link to the Chernobyl nuclear disaster

By |December 4th, 2017|

Leukemia & Lymphoma

Kempin, Sanford, Paul T. Finger, Robert Peter Gale, John Rescigno, Jeffrey Rubin, Walter Choi, Rebecca Fisher, Alexander Aizman, Ilona Genis, Stephen C. Malamud, and Roxana Moslehi*.

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* Denotes CSDA Associates, Affiliates, and Staff

Incorporating Space in Multimethod Research: Combining Spatial Analysis with Case-Study Research

By |December 4th, 2017|

PS: Political Science & Politics

Harbers, Imke, and Matthew C. Ingram*

Most outcomes that social scientists care about—including democracy, development, institutions, participation, and violence—are not distributed randomly across geographic space. Similar units are often located near one another so that phenomena of interest tend to cluster or exhibit similar patterns in space, making these phenomena spatially […]