Research Highlights

/Research Highlights

Who Is Responsible? A Man With Dementia Wanders From Home, Is Hit by a Train, and Dies

By |April 30th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Journal of the American Medical Directors Association Young, Yuchi*, Maksim Papenkov, and Taeko Nakashima Abstract The impact of dementia and Alzheimer's disease extends far beyond the healthcare needs of the person with dementia. As the disease progresses, individuals with dementia often require ongoing formal or informal care for their basic daily routine because of behavior [...]

Improving Estimation of HIV Viral Suppression in the United States: A Method to Adjust HIV Surveillance Estimates From the Medical Monitoring Project Using Cohort Data

By |April 30th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

American Journal of Epidemiology Rosenberg, Eli S.*, Heather Bradley, Kate Buchacz, Jennie McKenney, Gabriela Paz-Bailey, Joseph Prejean, John T. Brooks, Luke Shouse, and Patrick S. Sullivan Abstract CDC has estimated HIV viral suppression (VS) using two data sources. The National HIV Surveillance System estimate (50% of HIV-diagnosed persons in 2012) is derived from viral load [...]

Out of the Net: An Agent-Based Model to Study Human Movements Influence on Local-Scale Malaria Transmission

By |April 30th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

PLOS ONE Pizzitutti, Francesco, William Pan, Beth Feingold*, Ben Zaitchik, Carlos A. Álvarez, and Carlos F. Mena Abstract Though malaria control initiatives have markedly reduced malaria prevalence in recent decades, global eradication is far from actuality. Recent studies show that environmental and social heterogeneities in low-transmission settings have an increased weight in shaping malaria micro-epidemiology. [...]

Using Behavioral Economics to Advance Deterrence Research and Improve Crime Policy: Some Illustrative Experiments

By |April 23rd, 2018|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Crime & Delinquency Pickett, Justin T. * Abstract Background: We investigate the roles of residential racial segregation and income inequality for the black-white disparity in acquiring sexually transmitted diseases (STD) during pregnancy in a multilevel framework. Methods: The analytic sample consisted of non-Hispanic white (N = 79,271) or non-Hispanic black (N = 17,669) mothers from [...]

The Black-White Disparity in Sexually Transmitted Diseases during Pregnancy: How Do Racial Segregation and Income Inequality Matter?”

By |April 23rd, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Noah, Aggie J., Tse-Chuan Yang*, and Wei-lin Wang. Abstract Background: We investigate the roles of residential racial segregation and income inequality for the black-white disparity in acquiring sexually transmitted diseases (STD) during pregnancy in a multilevel framework. Methods: The analytic sample consisted of non-Hispanic white (N = 79,271) or non-Hispanic black (N [...]

Pet Exposure in Utero and Postnatal Decreases the Effects of Air Pollutants on Hypertension in Children: A Large Population Based Cohort Study

By |April 23rd, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Environmental Pollution Lawrence, Wayne R., Mo Yang, Shao Lin*, Si-Quan Wang, Yimin Liu, Huimin Ma, Duo-Hong Chen, Bo-Yi Yang, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Li-Wen Hu, and Guang-Hui Dong. Abstract The effect of ambient air pollution exposure on childhood hypertension has emerged as a concern in China, and previous studies suggested pet ownership is associated with lower blood [...]

A Panel Study of Airborne Particulate Matter Concentration and Impaired Cardiopulmonary Function in Young Adults by Two Different Exposure Measurement

By |April 10th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Environmental Pollution Hu, Li-Wen, Zhengmin (Min) Qian, Michael S. Bloom*, Erik J. Nelson, Echu Liu, Bin Han, Nan Zhang, Yimin Liu, Huimin Ma, Duo-Hong Chen, Bo-Yi Yang, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Wen Chen, Mika Komppula, Ari Leskinen, Maija-Riitta Hirvonen, Marjut Roponen, Pasi Jalava, Zhipeng Bai, and Guang-Hui Dong Abstract This study sought to clarify the correlation of [...]

Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Eating Disorder Examination‐Questionnaire: A Comparison of Five Factor Solutions across Vegan and Omnivore Participants

By |April 10th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

International Journal of Eating Disorders Heiss Sydney, Boswell James F., and Hormes Julia* Abstract Objective The Eating Disorder Examination‐Questionnaire (EDE‐Q) is a valid and reliable measure of eating‐related pathology, but its factor structure has proven difficult to replicate. Given differences in dietary patterns in vegans compared to omnivores, proper measurement of eating disorder symptoms is [...]

MARKETIZED MENTALITY, COMPETITIVE/EGOISTIC SCHOOL CULTURE, AND DELINQUENT ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR: AN APPLICATION OF INSTITUTIONAL ANOMIE THEORY: MARKETIZED MENTALITY, SCHOOLS, AND DELINQUENCY

By |April 10th, 2018|Research Highlights, Spatial Inequality|

Criminology Groß, Eva M., Andreas HöVermann, and Steven F. Messner* Abstract We analyze the individual‐level and school‐level determinants of delinquency through the lens of a macro‐sociological theory of crime—institutional anomie theory (IAT). The concept of a “marketized mentality” is introduced as a predictor of students’ delinquency, along with an egoistic/competitive school culture—a feature of the [...]

Associations among Fear, Disgust, and Eating Pathology in Undergraduate Men and Women

By |April 10th, 2018|Population Health, Research Highlights|

Appetite Anderson, Lisa M., Erin E. Reilly, Jennifer J. Thomas, Kamryn T. Eddy, Debra L. Franko, Julia M. Hormes*, and Drew A. Anderson Abstract Fear and disgust are distinct emotions that have been independently linked with EDs and may motivate avoidance behaviors that may be relevant targets for ED interventions (e.g., food rejection). Despite similar [...]