Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences

Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, , Farah Qureshi, Allison A Appleton, Laura D Kubzansky



Both positive (e.g., happiness) and negative (e.g., anxiety) emotions have been distinctively associated with health and disease outcomes. However, whether emotion-related effects are driven by specific emotions or by shared underlying features of similar co-occurring (or mixes of) emotions is still debated. This narrative review summarizes recent scientific advances regarding whether mixed emotions and emotion regulation abilities influence physical health over the lifecourse. While behavioral and biological pathways are commonly proposed to explain these relationships, biological pathways are less well understood. As a result, here we specifically focus on known and novel biological pathways. Future directions for empirical and clinical research aimed at identifying ways to lower the risk of and burden related to chronic diseases are also discussed.

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