Yearly Archives: 2017

/2017
­

Veggie Rx: An Outcome Evaluation of a Healthy Food Incentive Programme

By |October 6th, 2017|

Public Health Nutrition

Cavanagh, Michelle, Janine Jurkowski*, Christine Bozlak, Julia Hastings, and Amy Klein

ABSTRACT

Objective: One challenge to healthy nutrition, especially among low-income individuals, is access to and consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables. To address this problem, Veggie Rx, a healthy food incentive programme, was established within a community clinic to increase access to fresh produce […]

Transition Accounting for India in a Multi-Sector Dynamic General Equilibrium Model

By |October 6th, 2017|

Economic Change and Restructuring

Jones, John Bailey*, and Sohini Sahu

ABSTRACT

Using a quantitative methodology designed specifically for emerging economies, we measure the components of India’s economic growth over the period 1960–2005. Our approach accounts for time-varying parameters, transitional dynamics and non-linear trends. We find that increased productivity in the service sector, facilitated by a structural shift toward […]

Tiltepec Yellow-Ware Ceramics from Cerro Jazmín, Oaxaca: A Contribution to the Ceramic Chronology of the Mixteca Alta

By |October 6th, 2017|

Latin American Antiquity

Pérez Rodríguez, Verónica*, Antonio Martínez Tuñón, Leah Minc, Laura Stiver Walsh, and Mariana Navarro Rosales

ABSTRACT

We present new data on a class of ceramics called Tiltepec yellow wares, dated to the Late and Terminal Formative period occupations at Cerro Jazmín, Oaxaca (300 BC– AD 300). Evidence from 27 radiocarbon-dated ceramic assemblages indicates that Tiltepec […]

Inequality and Demographic Response to Short-Term Economic Stress in North Orkney, Scotland, 1855–1910: Sector Differences

By |September 20th, 2017|

Population Studies

Jennings, Julia A.*, Luciana Quaranta, and Tommy Bengtsson

ABSTRACT

We examine economic inequality and social differences in infant and child mortality, and fertility responses to food price changes in North Orkney, 1855–1910, using linked vital records. This small population featured a diverse occupational structure, limited land resources, and geographic isolation from mainland Scotland. Segments of Orkney’s […]

Reducing Urban Violence: A Contrast of Public Health and Criminal Justice Approaches

By |September 20th, 2017|

Epidemiology

Cerdá, Magdalena, Melissa Tracy*, and Katherine M. Keyes

ABSTRACT

Background: Cities are investing millions in Cure Violence, a public health approach to reduce urban violence by targeting at-risk youth and redirecting conflict to non-violent responses. The impact of such a program compared to criminal justice responses is unknown because experiments directly comparing criminal justice and public health […]

Weighing the Value of the Bargain: Prosecutorial Discretion After Sentencing Guidelines

By |September 15th, 2017|

Criminal Justice Policy Review

Vance, Stephen E., Kerry M. Richmond, James C. Oleson, and Shawn D. Bushway*

ABSTRACT

There is little empirical research to indicate whether the introduction of sentencing guidelines displaces discretion from judges to prosecutors. In the handful of studies that examine the hydraulic displacement of discretion, discretion is usually measured by the rate of charge […]

Blame Their Mothers: Public Opinion About Maternal Employment as a Cause of Juvenile Delinquency

By |September 15th, 2017|

Feminist Criminology

Pickett, Justin T*

ABSTRACT

Juvenile justice reformers and practitioners have long blamed mothers for juvenile delinquency, identifying maternal employment as a key cause of youthful offending. The current study uses data from registered voters (N = 10,144) to examine public views about whether maternal employment in two-parent households promotes juvenile delinquency. The results show that only […]

Voting Preferences and Perceived Juvenile Crime Trends: Examining Racial and Political Differences

By |September 15th, 2017|

Criminal Justice Policy Review

Mears, Daniel P., and Justin T. Pickett*

ABSTRACT

This article seeks to contribute to theory and research on factors that shape public preferences for juvenile justice policy. To this end, it tests the argument that perceptions about juvenile crime, an instrumental concern, will influence individuals’ willingness to vote for policymakers who support transfer of […]

Sexual Risk during Initial Months in US among Latina Young Adults

By |September 15th, 2017|

AIDS Care

Ertl, Melissa M., Frank R. Dillon, Yajaira A. Cabrera Tineo, Michael Verile, Janine M. Jurkowski*, and Mario De La Rosa

ABSTRACT

Latina young adults are disproportionately at risk for sexually transmitted infections (e.g., HIV). However, little is known about social and cultural factors contributing to sexual health disparities among young adult Latina recent immigrants. The present […]

The Impact of Changing Demographic Composition on Aggravated Assault Victimization During the Great American Crime Decline: A Counterfactual Analysis of Rates in Urban, Suburban, and Rural Areas

By |September 5th, 2017|

Criminal Justice Review

Kaylen, Maria, William Alex Pridemore*, and Sean Patrick Roche

ABSTRACT

The United States experienced a dramatic decline in interpersonal violence rates between the early 1990s and mid-2000s. This decline, however, was much steeper in urban and suburban relative to rural areas. Prior research showed changing demographic composition can account for a substantial amount of change […]