Monthly Archives: July 2017

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Neighborhood Crime Control in a Changing China: Tiao-Jie, Bang-Jiao, and Neighborhood Watches

By |July 7th, 2017|

Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency

Messner, Steven F.*, Lening Zhang, Sheldon X. Zhang, and Colin P. Gruner

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This research assesses the impacts of three distinctive crime control activities organized and directed by the neighborhood committees with the assistance of local police in contemporary urban China – Tiao-jie, Bang-jiao, and neighborhood watches. Tiao-jie deals […]

Criminal Records and Employment: A Survey of Experiences and Attitudes in the United States

By |July 7th, 2017|

Justice Quarterly

Denver, Megan, Justin T. Pickett*, and Shawn D. Bushway*

ABSTRACT

Ban-the-Box (BTB) legislation, which bans employers from asking about criminal history records on the initial job application, is arguably the most prominent policy arising from the prisoner reentry movement. BTB policies assume: 1) most employers ask about criminal records, and 2) inquiries occur at the […]

Long-Term Comparative Effectiveness of Endeavor Zotarolimus-Eluting and Everolimus-Eluting Stents in New York

By |July 7th, 2017|

International Journal of Cardiology

Qian, Feng*, Ye Zhong, and Edward L. Hannan

ABSTRACT

Background: Endeavor zotarolimus-eluting stents (E-ZES) and everolimus-eluting stents (EES) as second-generation stents were approved for use in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) in 2008. We aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of E-ZES vs. EES using New York State (NYS) cardiac registries and to compare […]

Third-Person Perceptions, Hostile Media Effects, and Policing: Developing a Theoretical Framework for Assessing the Ferguson Effect

By |July 7th, 2017|

Journal of Criminal Justice

Nix, J., and J.T. Pickett*

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Policing in the United States has come under intense scrutiny following numerous deadly force incidents involving unarmed black citizens, which dominated the news media. Some have argued that consequently, a “chill wind” has blown through law enforcement, such that officers have become more distrustful of civilians, […]

Experience Versus Expectation: Economic Insecurity, the Great Recession, and Support for the Death Penalty

By |July 7th, 2017|

Justice Quarterly

Lehmann, P.S., and J.T. Pickett*

ABSTRACT

Scholars have theorized that people who report past economic hardship and those who forecast future economic instability will be more likely to support punitive criminal justice policies than those who do not. Only recently have researchers begun to empirically examine this association, and the findings from this small literature have […]

Demeanor, Race, and Police Perceptions of Procedural Justice: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments

By |July 7th, 2017|

Justice Quarterly

Nix, J., J.T. Pickett*, S.E. Wolfe, and B.A. Campbell

ABSTRACT

President Obama’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing recently endorsed procedural justice as a way to restore trust between police and communities. Yet police–citizen interactions vary immensely, and research has yet to give sufficient consideration to the factors that might affect the importance officers place […]

Associations between Toxic and Essential Trace Elements in Maternal Blood and Fetal Congenital Heart Defects

By |July 7th, 2017|

Environment International

Ou, Yanqiu, Michael S. Bloom*, Zhiqiang Nie, Fengzhen Han, Jinzhuang Mai, Jimei Chen, Shao Lin, Xiaoqing Liu, and Jian Zhuang

ABSTRACT

Prenatal exposure to toxic trace elements, including heavy metals, is an important public health concern. Few studies have assessed if individual and multiple trace elements simultaneously affect cardiac development. The current study evaluated the […]