Monthly Archives: February 2017

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Children’s Experience with Parental Employment Insecurity and Family Income Inequality

By |February 27th, 2017|

Foundation for Child Development

Donald J. Hernandez* and Jeffrey S. Napierala*

INTRODUCTION

In new research commissioned by the Foundation for Child Development — “Children’s Experience with Parental Employment Insecurity and Family Income Inequality” — Donald J. Hernandez and Jeffery S. Naprierala have created the Index of Parental Employment Insecurity to provide a more accurate picture of the economic health of families and […]

Unemployment numbers don’t tell real struggles of US families

By |February 27th, 2017|

February 27, 2017

Emeritus Associate Donald J. Hernandez published an Op-ed advocating for use of his newly developed “Index of Parental Employment Insecurity” in the The Hill. The full report, authored by Hernandez and CSDA staff member Jeffrey Napierala, can be found here.

Heuristics and Biases, Rational Choice, and Sanction Perceptions

By |February 21st, 2017|

Criminology

Greg Pogarsky, Sean Patrick Roche, Justin T. Pickett*

ABSTRACT

The relevance of several cognitive heuristics and related biases for rational choice perspectives on crime, and for perceptions of sanction risk, were investigated. We present findings from a series of randomized experiments, embedded in two nationwide surveys of American adults (18 and older) in 2015 (N = 1,004 […]

Linking childhood allergic asthma phenotypes with endotype through integrated systems biology: current evidence and research needs

By |February 21st, 2017|

Reviews on Environmental Health

Hyunok Choi*, Won-Min Song, and Bin Zhang

ABSTRACT

Asthma and other complex diseases results from a complex web of interactions involving inflammation, immunity, cell cycle, apoptosis, and metabolic perturbations across multiple organ systems. The extent to which various degrees of the age at onset, symptom severity, and the natural progression of the disease reflect […]

Residential segregation and perceptions of social integration in Shanghai, China

By |February 21st, 2017|

Urban Studies

Lin Liu, Youqin Huang*, and Wenhong Zhang

ABSTRACT

With ongoing urban revolution, Chinese cities are experiencing an influx of migrants, whose integration into urban society becomes an unprecedented challenge. Using a recent survey in Shanghai and adopting a multilevel multinomial logistic model, this paper studies perceptions of social integration, comparing local residents with migrants. While migrants […]

Associations between PON1 enzyme activities in human ovarian follicular fluid and serum specimens

By |February 21st, 2017|

PLOS One

Keewan Kim, Michael S. Bloom*, Victor Y. Fujimoto, and Richard W. Browne

ABSTRACT

The importance of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particle components to reproduction is increasingly recognized, including the constituent paraoxonase 1 (PON1). However, the reliability characteristics of PON1 enzymes in ovarian follicular fluid (FF) as biomarkers for clinical and epidemiologic studies have not been described. Therefore, […]

Are Hospital/ED Transfers Less Likely Among Nursing Home Residents With Do-Not-Hospitalize Orders?

By |February 21st, 2017|

The Journal of Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine

Taeko Nakashima, Yuchi Young*, and Wan-Hsiang Hsu

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study aims to examine whether an advance directive “Do Not Hospitalize” (DNH) would be effective in reducing hospital/emergency department (ED) transfers. Similar effects in residents with dementia were also examined.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting/subjects: New York State (NYS) nursing home residents (n […]

Impact of the non-distinctness and non-ignorability on the inference by multiple imputation in multivariate multilevel data: a simulation assessment

By |February 21st, 2017|

Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation

Recai Yucel*

ABSTRACT

Multiple imputation (MI) is an increasingly popular method for analysing incomplete multivariate data sets. One of the most crucial assumptions of this method relates to mechanism leading to missing data. Distinctness is typically assumed, which indicates a complete independence of mechanisms underlying missingness and data generation. In addition, missing […]

Reaping What They Sow? Victim-Offender Overlap Perceptions and Victim Blaming Attitudes

By |February 21st, 2017|

Victims & Offenders

Christina Mancini and Justin T. Pickett*

ABSTRACT

Examining the tendency to attribute blame to crime victims reveals a striking dichotomy. Some types, such as children, elicit intense emotional reactions from the public. Alternatively, others, such as the typical victims of street crimes, garner substantially less concern. According to the “just world” hypothesis, these latter groups […]

A New Look at the Employment and Recidivism Relationship through the Lens of a Criminal Background Check

By |February 14th, 2017|

Criminology

Megan Denver, Garima Siwach, and Shawn D. Bushway*

ABSTRACT

Criminal background checks are increasingly being incorporated into hiring decisions by employers. Although originally uncompromising—almost anyone with a criminal record could be denied employment—court rulings and policy changes have forced criminal background checks to become more nuanced. One motivation for allowing more individuals with criminal records to work […]