Monthly Archives: February 2017


Children’s Experience with Parental Employment Insecurity and Family Income Inequality

By |February 27th, 2017|Research Highlights|

Foundation for Child Development Donald J. Hernandez* and Jeffrey S. Napierala* INTRODUCTION In new research commissioned by the Foundation for Child Development — “Children’s Experience with Parental Employment Insecurity and Family Income Inequality” — Donald J. Hernandez and Jeffery S. Naprierala have created the Index of Parental Employment Insecurity to provide a more accurate picture of the economic health [...]

Unemployment numbers don’t tell real struggles of US families

By |February 27th, 2017|News|

February 27, 2017 Emeritus Associate Donald J. Hernandez published an Op-ed advocating for use of his newly developed "Index of Parental Employment Insecurity" in the The Hill. The full report, authored by Hernandez and CSDA staff member Jeffrey Napierala, can be found here.

Heuristics and Biases, Rational Choice, and Sanction Perceptions

By |February 21st, 2017|Research Highlights|

Criminology Greg Pogarsky, Sean Patrick Roche, Justin T. Pickett* ABSTRACT The relevance of several cognitive heuristics and related biases for rational choice perspectives on crime, and for perceptions of sanction risk, were investigated. We present findings from a series of randomized experiments, embedded in two nationwide surveys of American adults (18 and older) in 2015 [...]

Linking childhood allergic asthma phenotypes with endotype through integrated systems biology: current evidence and research needs

By |February 21st, 2017|Research Highlights|

Reviews on Environmental Health Hyunok Choi*, Won-Min Song, and Bin Zhang ABSTRACT Asthma and other complex diseases results from a complex web of interactions involving inflammation, immunity, cell cycle, apoptosis, and metabolic perturbations across multiple organ systems. The extent to which various degrees of the age at onset, symptom severity, and the natural progression of [...]

Residential segregation and perceptions of social integration in Shanghai, China

By |February 21st, 2017|Research Highlights|

Urban Studies Lin Liu, Youqin Huang*, and Wenhong Zhang ABSTRACT With ongoing urban revolution, Chinese cities are experiencing an influx of migrants, whose integration into urban society becomes an unprecedented challenge. Using a recent survey in Shanghai and adopting a multilevel multinomial logistic model, this paper studies perceptions of social integration, comparing local residents with [...]

Associations between PON1 enzyme activities in human ovarian follicular fluid and serum specimens

By |February 21st, 2017|Research Highlights|

PLOS One Keewan Kim, Michael S. Bloom*, Victor Y. Fujimoto, and Richard W. Browne ABSTRACT The importance of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particle components to reproduction is increasingly recognized, including the constituent paraoxonase 1 (PON1). However, the reliability characteristics of PON1 enzymes in ovarian follicular fluid (FF) as biomarkers for clinical and epidemiologic studies have not [...]

Are Hospital/ED Transfers Less Likely Among Nursing Home Residents With Do-Not-Hospitalize Orders?

By |February 21st, 2017|Research Highlights|

The Journal of Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine Taeko Nakashima, Yuchi Young*, and Wan-Hsiang Hsu ABSTRACT Objectives: This study aims to examine whether an advance directive “Do Not Hospitalize” (DNH) would be effective in reducing hospital/emergency department (ED) transfers. Similar effects in residents with dementia were also examined. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting/subjects: New York State [...]

Impact of the non-distinctness and non-ignorability on the inference by multiple imputation in multivariate multilevel data: a simulation assessment

By |February 21st, 2017|Research Highlights|

Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation Recai Yucel* ABSTRACT Multiple imputation (MI) is an increasingly popular method for analysing incomplete multivariate data sets. One of the most crucial assumptions of this method relates to mechanism leading to missing data. Distinctness is typically assumed, which indicates a complete independence of mechanisms underlying missingness and data generation. [...]

Reaping What They Sow? Victim-Offender Overlap Perceptions and Victim Blaming Attitudes

By |February 21st, 2017|Research Highlights|

Victims & Offenders Christina Mancini and Justin T. Pickett* ABSTRACT Examining the tendency to attribute blame to crime victims reveals a striking dichotomy. Some types, such as children, elicit intense emotional reactions from the public. Alternatively, others, such as the typical victims of street crimes, garner substantially less concern. According to the “just world” hypothesis, [...]

A New Look at the Employment and Recidivism Relationship through the Lens of a Criminal Background Check

By |February 14th, 2017|Research Highlights|

Criminology Megan Denver, Garima Siwach, and Shawn D. Bushway* ABSTRACT Criminal background checks are increasingly being incorporated into hiring decisions by employers. Although originally uncompromising—almost anyone with a criminal record could be denied employment—court rulings and policy changes have forced criminal background checks to become more nuanced. One motivation for allowing more individuals with criminal [...]