Yearly Archives: 2016

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Searching for Silver Linings: Is Perceived Medical Discrimination Weaker in Segregated Areas?

By |October 26th, 2016|

Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy

Joseph Gibbons and Tse-Chuan Yang*

ABSTRACT
An ongoing obstacle in dealing with minority health disparities is discriminatory behavior from healthcare practitioners, also known as medical discrimination. It is not clear, however, if the effects of medical discriminations onto health are constant across space. For example, there is evidence to suspect minorities in racially […]

Behind the Myth of the Matriarch and the Flagbearer: How Korean and Chinese American Sons and Daughters Negotiate Gender, Family, and Emotions

By |October 26th, 2016|

Sociological Forum

Angie Y. Chung*

ABSTRACT
While more studies are exploring the ways in which gender structures the family experiences of American-born children of immigrants, there is less attention to how gender shapes later views on ethnicity and culture. Based on interviews with Korean, Chinese, and Taiwanese Americans in the New York–New Jersey metropolitan area, this article examines […]

Institutional imbalance, integration into Non-economic institutions, and a marketized mentality in Europe: A multilevel, partial elaboration of Institutional Anomie Theory

By |October 26th, 2016|

International Journal of Comparative Sociology 57(4)

Andreas Hövermann, Eva M Groß, and Steven F Messner*

ABSTRACT
This research builds upon prior efforts to transport insights from a macro-sociological theory of crime – Institutional Anomie Theory (IAT) – to enhance understanding of an important individual-level phenomenon in advanced capitalist societies – a ‘marketized mentality’. Such a mentality entails a […]

The impact of accession to the European Union on suicide rates: A cross-national time-series analysis

By |October 26th, 2016|

International Journal of Comparative Sociology 57(4)

Sylwia J Piatkowska, Lawrence E Raffalovich*, and Steven F Messner*

ABSTRACT
Building upon prior research, this study examines the effects of European Union (EU) accession on suicide rates in the Eastern European countries that joined the EU in 2004 and 2007 using pooled cross-sectional time-series data that cover approximately 20 years (1990–2011). Results […]

Consuming Gangnam Style: Nation-branding in Koreatown, New York and Los Angeles

By |October 14th, 2016|

CUNY FORUM

Angie Y. Chung*, Jinwon Kim, and Injeong Hwang

Intro.
A Tale of Two Koreatowns: NY/LA
DESPITE COMING OUT OF ONE OF THE WORST GLOBAL RECESSIONS since the Great Depression, Asian enclaves linked to the Pacific Rim economy are experiencing unprecedented growth and contribut-ing to the rapid revival of downtown areas in U.S. global cities. Much of the […]

Examining Change in Adolescent Street Efficacy and Its Association With Violent Outcomes

By |October 12th, 2016|

Violence and Victims

Gregory M. Zimmerman and Steven F. Messner*

ABSTRACT
Research suggests that street efficacy—the perceived ability to avoid dangerous situations in one’s neighborhood—is related to violent outcomes. We investigated change in street efficacy using data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods. Measures of street efficacy and violence (offending, victimization, secondary exposure) were constructed […]

Vaccination Coverage Rates and Factors Associated With Incomplete Vaccination or Exemption Among School-age Children Based in Public Schools in New York State

By |September 27th, 2016|

JAMA Pediatrics

Jessica A. Nadeau, Louise-Anne McNutt* and Jana Shaw

ABSTRACT
This study assesses vaccination coverage rates and factors associated with either incomplete vaccination or exemptions among school-age children in New York State public schools outside of New York City. Gaps in intentional and unintentional vaccination coverage persist and appear to be associated with socioeconomic factors that often drive […]

Climatic conditions and human mortality: spatial and regional variation in the United States

By |September 27th, 2016|

Population and Environment

Tse-Chuan Yang* and Leif Jensen

ABSTRACT
Previous research on climatic conditions and human mortality in the United States has three gaps: largely ignoring social conditions, lack of nationwide focus, and overlooking potential spatial variations. Our goal is to understand whether climatic conditions contribute to mortality after considering social conditions and to investigate whether spatial non-stationarity exists in these […]

The (Null) Effects of Percent Young on 15 to 24 Age-Specific and Male- and Female-Specific Cross-National Homicide Rates

By |September 21st, 2016|

Homicide Studies

Meghan L. Rogers and William Alex Pridemore

ABSTRACT
Recent systematic research indicated percent of the population that is young is not significantly associated with cross-national homicide victimization rates. However, there are theoretical reasons to expect percent young may be associated with 15 to 24 age-specific and with gender-specific cross-national homicide victimization rates. We test three hypotheses: […]

The U.S. housing crisis and suicide rates: an examination of total-, sex-, and race-specific suicide rates

By |September 21st, 2016|

Housing Studies 31:2

Roderick W. Jones and William Alex Pridemore*

ABSTRACT
The US housing crisis affected millions of people nationwide. One recent study found a connection between foreclosure and suicide, and prior research showed an association between macro-level economic hardship and suicide rates. Using data from 142 US metropolitan statistical areas and a measure of housing stress that […]